Core 304LN/4311
EN 1.4311, ASTM TYPE 304LN / UNS S30453

General characteristics

Core 304LN/4311 is a low-carbon, higher nickel and nitrogen alloyed alternative to Core 304/4301 with improved strength and low-temperature toughness. Suitable for applications that require high tensile strength. is an austenitic stainless steel that belongs to the standard CrNi stainless steel family.

The austenitic CrNi standard grades are the most widely used group of stainless steels. Their well-balanced material properties make them suitable for the fabrication of many products. Due to its fully austenitic structure, Core 304LN/4311 is suitable for applications with low magnetic permeability requirements (µ < 1.005).

Typical applications

  • Railroad cars
  • Pressure vessels
  • Chemical plant equipment(mild to medium corrosive environments)
  • Flanges and valves


Product forms, available sizes and finishes


Product typeFinishesThicknessWidth
Cold rolled coil and sheet2E1,50-8,00≤ 2000
Hot rolled coil and plateHot rolled white4,00-12,70≤ 2000
Quarto plateHot rolled white5,00-50,00≤ 3200
Chemical composition

The chemical composition may vary slightly between different product standards. The required standard will befully met as specified on the order.

The typical chemical composition for this grade is given in the table below, together with composition limits given for the product according to different standards. The required standard will be fully met as specified on the order.

The chemical composition is given as % by mass.

TypicalCore 304LN/43110.0218.59.20.14
ASTM A240/A240MTYPE 304LN / UNS S30453<0.030<218.0-20.08.0-12.00.10-0.16Si:<0.75 P:<0.045 S:<0.030
EN 10088-21.4311<0.030<217.5-19.58.5-11.50.12-0.22Si:<1 P:<0.045 S:<0.015
Mechanical properties

The mechanical properties of the available products in the soft annealed condition at room temperature are given in the table below. Moderate strengths can be reached at elevated temperatures (~550 °C / 1022 °F). Temperatures for excessive scaling are close to 850 °C / 1562 °F. This grade ,along with other austenitic corrosion-resistant steels, exhibits very high ductility and high elongation to fracture. It is not susceptible to brittle fracture in the solution annealed condition.

StandardGradeRp0.2Rp1.0RmElongationImpact strengthRockwellHBHV
Product type: Hot rolled coil and sheet
Typical (thickness 4 mm)Core 304LN/431135541066550
Product type: Hot rolled quarto plate
Typical (thickness 15 mm)Core 304LN/431131035064055

1)Elongation according to EN standard:
A80 for thickness below 3 mm.
A for thickness = 3 mm.
Elongation according to ASTM standard A2” or A50.

Corrosion resistance

Core 304LN/4311 has excellent corrosion resistance in solutions of many halogen-free organic and inorganic compounds over a wide temperature and concentration range. It can withstand many organic and sufficiently diluted mineral acids depending on the temperature of the solution. Core 304LN/4311 may suffer from uniform corrosion in strong mineral acids and hot strong alkaline solutions. More detailed information on corrosion properties of Core 304LN/4311 can be found in Outokumpu’s Corrosion Tables published in the Outokumpu Corrosion Handbook and on

In aqueous solutions containing halogenides, e.g. chlorides or bromides, pitting and crevice corrosion may occur depending on halogenide concentration, temperature, pH-value, concentration of oxidizing compounds, and crevice geometry, if applicable. The presence of corrosion-inhibiting or accelerating compounds like transition metal ions or organic compounds may influence the corrosion behavior of Core 304LN/4311. Due to its high nitrogen content, the resistance of Core 304LN/4311 against pitting and crevice corrosion is slightly increased compared to the basic austenitic CrNi standard grades 4301 and 4307.


Core 304LN/4311 is prone to chloride-induced stress corrosion cracking at temperatures over about 50 °C depending on the applied stress and the chloride concentration in the environment. Prior cold deformation of the structure under load increases the risk of stress corrosion cracking.

For more information on corrosion resistance, please refer to the Outokumpu Corrosion Handbook or contact the our corrosion experts.

Pitting corrosion resistanceCrevice corrosion resistance

PRE Pitting Resistant Equivalent calculated using the formula: PRE = %Cr + 3.3 x %Mo + 16 x %N
CPT Corrosion Pitting Temperature as measured in the Avesta Cell (ASTM G 150), in a 1M NaCl solution (35,000 ppm or mg/l chloride ions).
CCT Critical Crevice Corrosion Temperature is the critical crevice corrosion temperature which is obtained by laboratory tests according to ASTM G 48 Method F



Physical properties

Data according to EN 10088


DensityModulus of elasticityThermal exp. at 100 °CThermal conductivityThermal capacityElectrical resistanceMagnetizable

*) Austenitic stainless steel grades may be magnetizable to a certain degree after cold deformation, e.g. in temper rolled condition.


Cold forming

Core 304LN/4311 can be readily formed and fabricated by the full range of cold forming operations. They can be used in heading, drawing, and bending. Any cold forming operations will increase the strength and hardness of the material, and may leave it slightly magnetic. Work hardening is accentuated by the partial transformation of the austenite phase of the material to hard martensite.


Core 304LN/4311 has excellent weldability and is suitable for the full range of conventional welding methods (like MMA, MIG, MAG, TIG, SAW, LBW, or RSW), except gas welding. Core 304LN/4311 has about 50% higher thermal expansion and lower heat conductivity compared to carbon steels. This means that larger deformation and higher shrinkage stresses may result from welding.

In thin sections, autogenous welding may be used. To ensure that the weld metal properties (e.g. strength, corrosion resistance) are equivalent to those of the parent metal, matching or slightly over-alloyed fillers should preferably be used. The recommended filler metal is 19 9 L.

Generally, post-weld heat treatment is not required. In special cases where there is high risk of stress corrosion cracking or fatigue, stress relief treatment may be considered.

In order to fully restore the corrosion resistance of the weld seam, the weld discoloration should be removed by pickling and passivation.

Because of the austenitic structure, the welded joints are tough down to low temperatures even in the as-welded condition.

More detailed information concerning welding procedures can be obtained from the Outokumpu Welding Handbook, available from our sales offices.

Standards & approvals

The most commonly used international product standards are given in the table below.


ASTM A240/A240MTYPE 304LN / UNS S30453
EN 10088-21.4311